What Language Do They Speak In Malaysia

The national language of Malaysia, Malay, is also known as Bahasa Malaysia (Malaysian language) and Bahasa Melayu (Malay language), or simply Malay. Officially called Bahasa Malaysia, Malay is the official language of Malaysia, with more than 80% of its population.

There are 10 dialects in Malay, some of which are spoken in Malaysia. There are ten dialects of the Malay language; Bahasa Malaysia, Kelantanese, Terengganuan, Kedakhan, Sarawakian, Bajau, Negeri, Sembilan Malay, Banjar, Brunei and Indonesian. Of the various dialects of the Malay language, the most important is the dialect of the South Malay Peninsula, the basis of the standard Malay language and the official language of the Republic of Indonesia, Bahasa Indonesia or Indonesian.

Malay, a member of the western or Indonesian branch of the Austronesian (Malay-Polynesian) language family, is spoken as a mother tongue by over 33,000,000 people living in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and numerous small islands in the area and in large numbers. used in Malaysia and Indonesia as a second language. Malay is an integral part of the Austronesian language family, which is scattered across the Pacific islands, Madagascar and maritime Southeast Asia. Malay belongs to the Austronesian family and is the most spoken language in the country with ten dialects. Malay is also spoken in Singapore, Brunei and parts of the border region with Thailand.

The indigenous tribes of East Malaysia have their own language, which is similar to Malay, but it is easy to distinguish. In addition to the languages ​​discussed above, some people in East Malaysia also speak Jaku-iban (Iban), Coastal Kadazan (Kadazan), Bajo, Kelabite, Bidayu and Kayan. You may feel a little overwhelmed by the different languages ​​and dialects you hear in Malaysia. Most people in Malaysia, especially young people, speak multiple languages, at least fluent in English, Malay and Chinese.

The official language of Malaysia is Malay, also known as Malay-Malay or Malay for short. It is used in most parts of the country and is widely taught in the public education system of the country. English may be a foreign language, but it is a familiar language used in Kuala Lumpur and many other parts of Malaysia.

Fortunately for expats, English is widely used in Malaysia and is actively referred to as a second language. Research shows that in 2016, approximately 65.6% of people born in Malaysia could not only speak English, but also another language. These languages ​​include Malay, Chinese and Indian dialects. Now that we know that the main languages ​​used are Malay, Chinese and Hindi, let’s take a look at the dialects and variants of these local Malaysian languages.

The first language in Malaysia is certainly the national language, which is Bahasa Melayu or Malay. The official Malay language, Malay, is one of 137 languages ​​spoken in the country today. There are 137 living languages ​​spoken in Malaysia, [1] 41 of which are located on Peninsula Malaysia. More than 30 indigenous tribes live in Malaysia with their own ancestral languages, including subdialects.

It should not be forgotten that the national anthem of Malaysia is also written in Malay. Malaysia’s official and national language is Malay or Malay, which is “the foundation of ethnic integration. However, because Malaysia has a local education, we also have Chinese and Hindi-Malay schools across the country-these schools use each language Appropriate language as a means of teaching. However, Malay is not only used by its native Malay community, but also by many locals, including Chinese and Indian Malay communities.

It is the universal language used throughout Malaysia, especially in public places such as restaurants, shops and offices. Although it is not the national language of Malaysia, it is considered the official language of Malaysia in Sarawak (along with Malay). According to the requirements of the National Language Law, English may take precedence over Malay in certain official circumstances, especially in Sabah and Sarawak, where it may be the official working language. Malay or Malay is an important language in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.

Malaysians are a group of Austronesians living in Peninsular Malaysia, parts of Thailand, Myanmar, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei and Borneo. The main ethnic groups in Malaysia are Malaysians, Chinese and Indians, as well as many other minorities, each with its own language. The three main races in Malaysia have their own unique languages ​​and dialects. There are three main language groups in the Malay Peninsula, namely Negrito, Senoi and Malay, which form another 18 subgroups.

Therefore, when we use Malay to describe the official language, we are referring to the Malay dialect. This language is geographically separated from most of Peninsular Malaysia by mountains and tropical rain forests, and is significantly different from other Malay languages. The Peranakan language Baba Malay is a mixture of Malay and Hawke.

The older generations still use the language, but the younger generation replaced Baba Malay with English. Historically, in Singapore, Malay was the lingua franca among people speaking different languages, but it was replaced by English.

It is also used in Indonesia and Brunei, and as a working language in East Timor. It is called Standard Malay (ethnologist). Few people in Standard Malay speak Standard Malay, and most people learn it as a second dialect. However, the most widely communicated language is Malay (ethnologist).

Like Malay, English plays an important role in bridging the gap between dialects and languages, such as Mandarin or Tamil, so that they can communicate comfortably. When talking to people who do not understand their language, they will use Malay, English, or the aforementioned mixed language, Manglish. If their English level is very low, they can talk to each other in Malay or Chinese.

In fact, in Malaysia, people who can speak three or more languages ​​are very common. For example, in southern Malaysia, due to the large Chinese-Malay population, Mandarin is widely used and taught in schools. Like Malaysian youths of other nationalities, most Chinese youths speak multiple languages, speak at least three languages, and are at least moderately fluent: Mandarin, English and Malay, as well as their own Chinese and/or dominant Chinese . square.

Generally speaking, Standard Chinese (Mandarin) and its Malay dialects are the most common form of Malay Chinese, because it is the common language of mutually incomprehensible variants of speaking Chinese; Mandarin is also the language of instruction and important in Chinese schools. Business language. However, Mandarin is commonly used by Chinese living in Malaysia, and Hokkien is the most widely spoken dialect in the country.

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